Butterflies colour our world. They are friendly and fascinating to watch. They also play a critical role in our environment, particularly in the agriculture sector. The insect also acts as an early warning system for climate change. You might have learned about the butterfly in your science lessons, but there are interesting facts about butterflies that will surprise you and your friends. Below are the top ten.
Butterflies are world travellers
We all know the importance of migration to animals. The monarch butterfly embark on an annual migration covering more than 2500 miles. This butterflies travel from the Great Lakes all the way to the Gulf of Mexico and back in a year.
This insect varies in size. Some are small, almost invisible to the naked eye while some are 12 inches large. That is the size of a dinner plate.
Humans have five senses but butterfly have one unique sense which has seen them survive the predator-filled environment. Their feet are useful in finding the right food.
What butterfly see
For long humans have perceived butterflied as colour blind. The insect can see a range of colour: green, red and yellow. They are also able to see colours human cannot see. Butterfly eyes have a wider view than humans, almost 360 degrees.
Their number of species
Science has done a great deal discovering butterfly species. However, the record is just a tip of the iceberg. There exist more than 24,000 different species in the world.
Butterflies are not only fascinating but industrious. They use their glue to secure eggs on plant leaves. The glue is strong, and scientists are yet to discover its chemical makeup.
Their short lives
While we may live to 100 years, an average butterfly lives for a week. Some extend this to a year considering their lengthened earlier metamorphosis.
Butterfly use their wings as solar panels
They are notable due to their beautiful wings, but such broad parts must have another purpose than just display. The insects absorb sun rays soaking their bodies with warmth. This warmth acts as energy as it is rare to see a butterfly flying around in cold weather.
Butterfly feed on fluids
Their mouth parts are adapted to feed on nectar from flowers. They cannot chew or eat.
They are food for humans
The insect falls prey to humans. This has existed for centuries in the Middle East, Central and South America.